Abstract: Humans have speculated about the existence of life on other planets for centuries. The invention of the telescope was rapidly followed by claims reporting remote observation of indigenous biosignatures on the Moon and Mars, and meteorites collected on Earth were also reported to contain indigenous biological material -- however, all these claims have justifiably been considered to be of very low statistical confidence.
More recently, the Viking landers on Mars reported detecting simple organic compounds that were initially interpreted as Earth contamination, and only recognized as indigenous to Mars after results from subsequent missions prompted re-evaluation of the raw data from Viking. This talk presents initial steps in developing mathematically-rigorous approaches to assessing the level of statistical confidence appropriate to any claimed detection of extraterrestrial life, and establishing decision frameworks that exclude false negatives as well as false positives, to recognize correctly when indigenous biology, abiotic compounds, and/or contamination from modern Earth are present.
Host: Jason Wright