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Summer 2018 Research Now insert

New insights into how cellulose is built could indicate how to break it apart for biofuels

New insights into how cellulose is built could indicate how to break it apart for biofuels

A comprehensive look at how plants build cellulose, the primary building block of the walls of most plant cells that is used in a wide variety of manmade materials, could have important implications for its use in biofuels.

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Renewable resource: sulfur is used, replenished to produce lipoic acid

Renewable resource: sulfur is used, replenished to produce lipoic acid

New research shows how a protein is consumed and then reconstituted during the production of lipoic acid, a compound required by our bodies to convert energy from food into a form that can be used by our cells.

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Exploring how herpes simplex virus changes when passed between family members

Exploring how herpes simplex virus changes when passed between family members

A rare glimpse into a transmission event of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) explores how the virus might change when passed from one individual to another—information that may prove useful in future development of therapeutics and vaccines.

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Mathematical model mimics melanoma

Mathematical model mimics melanoma

Cancer cells’ ability to tolerate crowded conditions may be one key to understanding tumor growth and formation.

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Four-dimensional physics in two dimensions

Four-dimensional physics in two dimensions

Physicists have built a two-dimensional experimental system that allows them to study the physical properties of materials that were theorized only to exist in four-dimensional space.

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Agricultural parasite takes control of host plant’s genes

Agricultural parasite takes control of host plant’s genes

Dodder, a parasitic plant that causes major damage to crops in the U.S. and worldwide, can silence the expression of genes in the host plants from which it obtains water and nutrients.

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