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A multi-page list of all research press releases since 1997

New insights into how cellulose is built could indicate how to break it apart for biofuels
New insights into how cellulose is built could indicate how to break it apart for biofuels 26 March 2018A comprehensive look at how plants build cellulose, the primary building block of the walls of most plant cells that is used in a wide variety of manmade materials, could have important implications for its use in biofuels. Researchers at Penn State have identified the major steps in the process as well as the tools used by plant cells to create cellulose, including proteins that transport critical components to the location where cellulose is made.
NASA set to launch Penn State led experiment
NASA set to launch Penn State led experiment 26 March 2018NASA will launch a suborbital sounding rocket carrying a Penn State led experiment to test a newly-developed X-ray spectrograph and study the X-rays from a supernova remnant in the Milky Way galaxy.
Study of climate change could lead to understanding future of infectious disease
Study of climate change could lead to understanding future of infectious disease 20 March 2018Over the past 34 years, rainfall in Uganda has decreased by about 12 percent even though many of the global climate models predict an increase in rainfall for the area, according to an international team of researchers. Rainfall levels in Uganda impact agriculture, food security, wildlife habitats and regional economics as well as the prevalence of certain diseases.
New crystal structures reveal a mysterious mechanism of gene regulation by the "magic spot"
New crystal structures reveal a mysterious mechanism of gene regulation by the "magic spot" 22 February 2018Using an innovative crystallization technique, an international team of researchers, led by scientists at Penn State, has revealed new insights into the long debated action of the “magic spot”—a molecule that controls gene expression in Eschericahia coli and other bacteria when the bacteria are stressed.
Big black holes outpace their galaxies in growth
Big black holes outpace their galaxies in growth 15 February 2018The growth of the biggest black holes in the universe is outrunning the growth of the galaxies that they inhabit, according to a new study led by researchers at Penn State.
Deep-sea fish use hydrothermal vents to incubate eggs
Deep-sea fish use hydrothermal vents to incubate eggs 12 February 2018An international team of researchers, including Penn State biologist Charles Fisher, discovered egg cases of deep-sea fish near hydrothermal vents. The team believes that deep-sea skates use the warm water near the vents to accelerate the typically years-long incubation time of the eggs.
New neuron-like cells allow investigation into synthesis of vital cellular components
New neuron-like cells allow investigation into synthesis of vital cellular components 22 January 2018Using a new method to create synthetic neurons, a team of researchers from Penn State explores how the human brain makes a metabolic building block essential for the survival of all living organisms. The team describes a core enzyme involved in the synthesis of these building blocks, called purines, and how the enzyme might change during infection by herpes simplex virus.
Three types of extreme-energy space particles may have unified origin
Three types of extreme-energy space particles may have unified origin 22 January 2018New model connects the origins of very high-energy neutrinos, ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, and high-energy gamma rays with black-hole jets embedded in their environments.
Researchers map druggable genomic targets in evolving malaria parasite
Researchers map druggable genomic targets in evolving malaria parasite 11 January 2018Researchers have used whole genome analyses and chemogenetics to identify new drug targets and resistance genes in the parasite the causes malaria.
Have RNA, will travel: Malaria parasite packs genetic material in preparation for trip from mosquitoes to humans
Have RNA, will travel: Malaria parasite packs genetic material in preparation for trip from mosquitoes to humans 10 January 2018The parasite that causes malaria has not one, but two, specialized proteins that protect its genetic material until the parasite takes up residence in a new host.
How massive is supermassive? Astronomers measure more black holes, farther away
How massive is supermassive? Astronomers measure more black holes, farther away 10 January 2018A team of astronomers from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), including several Penn State scientists, announced new measurements of the masses of a large sample of supermassive black holes far beyond the local universe.
New research agenda for malaria elimination and eradication
New research agenda for malaria elimination and eradication 08 January 2018Manuel Llinás, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, and Jason Rasgon, professor of entomology and disease epidemiology, have participated in the formulation of an updated research agenda for global malaria elimination and eradication.
Agricultural parasite takes control of host plant’s genes
Agricultural parasite takes control of host plant’s genes 03 January 2018Dodder, a parasitic plant that causes major damage to crops in the U.S. and worldwide every year, can silence the expression of genes in the host plants from which it obtains water and nutrients.
Alien Megastructure not the cause of dimming of the 'Most Mysterious Star in the Universe'
Alien Megastructure not the cause of dimming of the 'Most Mysterious Star in the Universe' 03 January 2018A team of more than 200 researchers, including Penn State Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics Assistant Professor Jason Wright and led by Louisiana State University's Tabetha Boyajian, is one step closer to solving the mystery behind the "most mysterious star in the universe."
Understanding enzyme cascades key to understanding metabolism
Understanding enzyme cascades key to understanding metabolism 18 December 2017Breaking down sugars create a gradient of chemicals in the body, providing an environment where intracellular complexes might form. This new research may lead to a better understanding of human metabolism.
Turning pathogens against each other to prevent drug resistance
Turning pathogens against each other to prevent drug resistance 11 December 2017Limiting a much-needed resource could pit pathogens against one another and prevent the emergence of drug resistance.
Mathematical model mimics melanoma
Mathematical model mimics melanoma 30 November 2017Cancer cells’ ability to tolerate crowded conditions may be one key to understanding tumor growth and formation, according to a mathematical model that has been applied to cancer cell growth for the first time.
Flies' disease-carrying potential may be greater than thought, researchers say
Flies' disease-carrying potential may be greater than thought, researchers say 28 November 2017A new study adds further proof to the suspicion that houseflies and blowflies carry and spread a variety of species of bacteria that are harmful to humans.
Experiment Near South Pole Reveals How Earth Blocks High-Energy Particles Produced by Nuclear Reactions
Experiment Near South Pole Reveals How Earth Blocks High-Energy Particles Produced by Nuclear Reactions 22 November 2017For the first time, a science experiment has measured Earth's ability to absorb neutrinos -- the smaller-than-an-atom particles that zoom throughout space and through us by the trillions every second at nearly the speed of light. The experiment was achieved with the IceCube detector, an array of 5,160 basketball-sized sensors frozen deep within a cubic kilometer of very clear ice near the South Pole. The IceCube collaboration includes Penn State physicists.
Sky-high observatory sheds light on origin of excess anti-matter: New study excludes nearby pulsars, points to dark matter as possible culprit
Sky-high observatory sheds light on origin of excess anti-matter: New study excludes nearby pulsars, points to dark matter as possible culprit 16 November 2017The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Observatory in Mexico, built and operated by an international team that includes Penn State scientists, has captured the first wide-angle view of very-high-energy light emanating from two rapidly spinning stars. The fresh perspective on these stellar neighbors casts serious doubt on one possible origin for a mysterious excess of particles near Earth.

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