Home > News and Events > Research News > Research press releases by year > 2018 Research Press Releases

2018 Research Press Releases

Main Content

Young children’s oral bacteria may predict obesity
Young children’s oral bacteria may predict obesity 19 September 2018Weight gain in early childhood is related to the composition of oral bacteria of two-year-old children, suggesting that this understudied aspect of a child’s microbiota -- the collection of microorganisms residing in the mouth -- could serve as an early indicator for childhood obesity.
The surprising environment of an enigmatic neutron star
The surprising environment of an enigmatic neutron star 17 September 2018An unusual infrared emission detected by the Hubble Space Telescope from a nearby neutron star could indicate that the pulsar has features never before seen. The observation could help astronomers better understand the evolution of neutron stars.
Coral bleaching increases disease risk in threatened species
Coral bleaching increases disease risk in threatened species 11 September 2018Researchers highlight the need to increase genetic diversity among staghorn corals to prevent further loss in the Florida Reef Tract
Family genetic background vital for understanding progression of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders
07 September 2018Whether an individual develops a neurodevelopmental disorder like autism or ADHD, and the severity of that disorder, depends on genetic changes beyond a single supposedly disease-causing mutation. A new study led by researchers at Penn State reveals that the total amount of rare mutations—deletions, duplications, or other changes to the DNA sequence—in a person’s genome can explain why individuals with a disease-associated mutation can have vastly different symptoms.
Could a demon help to create a quantum computer? Physicists implement a version of Maxwell's famous thought experiment for reducing entropy
Could a demon help to create a quantum computer? Physicists implement a version of Maxwell's famous thought experiment for reducing entropy 05 September 2018Reduced entropy in a three-dimensional lattice of super-cooled, laser-trapped atoms could help speed progress toward creating quantum computers.
Water worlds could have stable climate, perhaps support life, study says
Water worlds could have stable climate, perhaps support life, study says 31 August 2018“Water world” planets, those covered with a deep global ocean, could maintain surface conditions similar to that of the Earth for over a billion years.
New NSF-funded center to explore chemistry of “nanothreads”
New NSF-funded center to explore chemistry of “nanothreads” 27 August 2018The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $1.8 million to a team of scientists led by John Badding, professor of chemistry, physics, and materials science and engineering at Penn State, to establish the NSF Center for Nanothread Chemistry (CNC).
Births, deaths and collisions: Swift’s telescope snaps one millionth UV image
Births, deaths and collisions: Swift’s telescope snaps one millionth UV image 22 August 2018The Ultraviolet Optical Telescope (UVOT) aboard the NASA’s Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory captured its millionth image on May 13. Swift's science and flight operations are controlled by Penn State from the Mission Operations Center at the University Park campus.
Community-based conservation management has positive effect on wildlife
Community-based conservation management has positive effect on wildlife 13 August 2018Putting land management in the hands of local communities helps the wildlife within, according to new research by Penn State biologist Derek Lee.
Diverse symbionts of reef corals have endured since 'age of dinosaurs'
Diverse symbionts of reef corals have endured since 'age of dinosaurs' 09 August 2018Coral-algal partnerships dating back 160 million years show ability to withstand severe environmental change
Don't avoid the outdoors, avoid tick bites
Don't avoid the outdoors, avoid tick bites 06 August 2018Penn State researchers' study of tick-borne disease dynamics could thwart future outbreaks
Wildfire management designed to protect Spotted Owls may be outdated
Wildfire management designed to protect Spotted Owls may be outdated 24 July 2018According to a new study, forest fires are not a serious threat to populations of Spotted Owls, a species that acts as an indicator of biological health to the old-growth forests where they live. These findings suggest that management strategies for this species are outdated.
Finding the proteins that unpack DNA
Finding the proteins that unpack DNA 12 July 2018A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions.
New era of space research launched by IceCube Observatory and global team of astronomers
New era of space research launched by IceCube Observatory and global team of astronomers 12 July 2018The first-ever identification of a deep-space source of the super-energetic subatomic high-energy neutrino particles has launched a new era of space research. Detection of one such neutrino beneath the Antarctic ice sent a global team of astronomers racing to track down its origins: a flaring supermassive black hole 3.7 billion light years from Earth.
The hidden complexity underlying a common cause of autism: Uncovering genetic interactions responsible for neurodevelopmental disorders
The hidden complexity underlying a common cause of autism: Uncovering genetic interactions responsible for neurodevelopmental disorders 29 June 2018Genes located in a large chromosomal aberration associated with autism interact with each other to modulate the variable symptoms of the disease, according to new research.
'Nuru' becomes African farmers' newest ally against fall armyworm
'Nuru' becomes African farmers' newest ally against fall armyworm 25 June 2018Penn State researchers have joined forces with the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization to release the first app, called Nuru, to help African farmers recognize fall armyworm — a new and fast-spreading crop pest in sub-Saharan Africa — so that they can take immediate steps to destroy it and curb its spread.
Compound made inside human body stops viruses from replicating
Compound made inside human body stops viruses from replicating 20 June 2018A team of researchers has identified the mode of action of viperin, a naturally occurring enzyme in humans and other mammals that is known to have antiviral effects on viruses such as West Nile, hepatitis C, rabies, and HIV. This discovery could allow researchers to develop a drug that could act as a broad-spectrum therapy for a range of viruses.
Capturing light in a waveguide array: Confined, insensitive light could improve lasers, solar cells
Capturing light in a waveguide array: Confined, insensitive light could improve lasers, solar cells 04 June 2018Cheaper and more efficient photonic devices, such as lasers, optical fibers, and other light sources, may be possible with confined light that is unaffected by imperfections in the material that confines it, according to new research.
Climate change forced zombie ant fungi to adapt
Climate change forced zombie ant fungi to adapt 30 May 2018Zombie ants clamp on to aerial vegetation and hang for months spewing the spores of their parasitic fungi, but researchers noticed that they do not always clamp on to the same part of the plant. Now the researchers know that the choice of leaves or twigs is related to climate and that climate change forced the fungi to adapt to local conditions.
Mechanical force controls the speed of protein synthesis
Mechanical force controls the speed of protein synthesis 16 May 2018As cells create proteins, the proteins modulate synthesis speed by exerting a mechanical force on the molecular machine that makes them, according to a team of scientists who used a combination of computational and experimental techniques to understand this force.

Document Actions

Share this page: |