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Coral conservation efforts aided by computer simulations: New research shows that endangered corals in the eastern Pacific Ocean are isolated from healthy coral populations in the west
Coral conservation efforts aided by computer simulations:     New research shows that endangered corals in the eastern Pacific Ocean are isolated from healthy coral populations in the west 23 August 2016 Contrary to a prevailing theory, coral larvae could not survive the five-thousand-kilometer trip across the Pacific Ocean to replenish endangered corals in the eastern Pacific, according to new research. Researchers used a supercomputer to simulate billions of coral larvae traveling on ocean currents over a 14.5-year period. The simulations showed that even during extreme environmental events that speed ocean currents, like the 1997-1998 El Niño, coral larvae could not survive long enough to make the trip from coral reefs in the western and central Pacific to help corals in the east recover from environmental damage.

New NSF Grant Aims To Learn More About Operator Algebras
New NSF Grant Aims To Learn More About Operator Algebras 14 July 2016 A new National Science Foundation (NSF) focused research group grant awarded to a mathematician in the Eberly College of Science aims to learn new information about operator algebras and their connections with dynamical systems.

Record-breaking map of 1.2-million galaxies now ready to reveal secrets of dark energy
Record-breaking map of 1.2-million galaxies now ready to reveal secrets of dark energy 14 July 2016 Astronomers are announcing this week the sharpest view yet of the properties of dark energy -- the force that currently is driving the accelerated expansion of the universe. "These results are a milestone in the study of the large-scale structure of the universe," said Penn State Professor Donald Schneider, who was the survey coordinator and scientific publications coordinator for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) -- a collaboration of hundreds of scientists whose work produced the largest-ever, three-dimensional map of distant galaxies as well as one of the most precise measurements yet of dark energy.

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